Remediation and restoration, oil spill response, biomimicry, biodiversity, dissemination of innovation, cognitive development, sustainable agriculture, industrial ecology, corporate sustainability
Oil Remediation and Restoration
I design systems which remediate and transform pollution, such as crude oil impacted soils. These systems rely on the ability of microbes and their constituents, both naturally occurring and induced, to support natural attenuation of the environment. The goal is to develop low-cost processes that have the potential for replication and dissemination across both ecologic and economic borders.
My current research includes the development of technologies for use during oil spill response and the restoration of the environment. The focus is on the development of more efficient oil recovery equipment, such as better oil skimming and oil-water separation equipment, and innovation approaches to habitat restoration, such as the use of locally-adapted diverse genotypes of native plants and native fibers to support propagation.
Industrial ecology is the study of the physical, chemical, and biological interactions and interrelationships both within and between industrial and ecological systems. My research helps to identify the energy flows through commercial industrial systems, such as those closely linked to agricultural. Using principles of industrial metabolism, we can identify the way these materials flow through an industrial system and are transformed or transferred, including the portion that is disposed of as 'waste'.
For example, many retailers generate large volumes of organic waste as a function of their normal sales activity. A significant portion of this organic matter ends up in the municipal solid waste stream as "D & D" (damage and destroy). Green-waste diversion programs have the potential to capture 100% of the organic waste, transport it away from the landfill to local composting facilities, where it is thermophilically composted and turned into a value added end product.
- Remediation and restoration of northern Gulf of Mexico coastal ecosystems following the Deepwater Horizon event. In P. Somasundaran, P. Patra, K. Papadopoulos, R.S. Farinato (Eds.) Meeting Oil Spill Challenges. Hoboken, New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons.
- Bioremediation for the Degradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Heavy Metals in Mangrove Sediments. Ícaro T. A. Moreira, Olívia M. C. Oliveira, Thomas Azwell, Jorge A. Triguis, Antonio F.S. Queiroz, Sérgio L. C. Ferreira, Maria C. L. F. Trindade, & Cintia M. S. Martins. Submitted for publication.
- National Commission on the BP Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling - December 2010 Report
- Brennan, L.C. & Azwell, T. (2013) Gulf Oil Spill (History’s Greatest Disasters). Minneaplis, MN, ABDO Publishing Company.
- Wang, A. & Azwell, T. (2014) The Science of an Oil Spill. Ann Arbor, Michigan, Cherry Lake Publishing.
Honors and Awards
- Environmental Representative - California Organic Product Advisory Board - 2011
- Environmental Science Lead - Deepwater Horizon Study Group - 2010
- Strategic Research Grant - Chevron Energy Technology Company - 2010
- Commissioner - Alameda County Recycling Board - 2009
- William Carroll Smith Fellowship - ESPM - 2009
- Best of the East Bay - Most Promising Grad Student - East Bay Express - 2008
- Schweitzer Fellow - The Albert Schweitzer Fellowship - 2008
- Eva Alexis Bansner Fund for Sustainable Development - CA League of Women Voters - 2008
- Garden Crusader - National Gardening Association - 2006, 2007
178A - Environmental Education (UCB)
102D - Resource Policy (UCB)
ENVS600 - Environmental Problems and Solutions (SFSU)