Wayne M. Getz

A. Starker Leopold Professor of Wildlife Ecology



  • Ph.D. Population modeling epidemiology and resource wildlife manag University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1976
  • B.S. Mathematics and Applied Mathematics University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1971



Research Interests

Population modeling epidemiology and resource wildlife management

Research Description

Students and postdoctoral students in my laboratory work on a broad range of theoretical and applied questions in population and biology with application to epidemiology and conservation biology.

Current Projects

At this time projects in my laboratory include:

(i) Ecology of anthrax and parasitic co-infections in the plain’s herbivores of Etosha National Park, Namibia.

(ii) Bovine TB in wild animals, livestock, and humans in southern Africa.

(iii) Movement Ecology: exploring the causes, patterns, mechanisms and consequences of organism movements with particular application to buffalo and elephants.

Learn more about our research in the Getz Lab website.

Selected Publications

Monograph: Getz, W. M., and R. G. Haight. 1989. Population Harvesting: Demographic Models of Fish, Forests and Animal Resources. Princeton Monographs in Population Biology, Princeton University Press (pp. 391)

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles since 2005:

Wilmers, C. C., and W. M. Getz, 2004. Simulating the effects of wolf-elk population dynamics on resource flow to scavengers. Ecological Modeling 177:193-208.

Getz W. M. and C. C. Wilmers, 2004. A local nearest-neighbor convex-hull construction of home ranges and utilization distributions. Ecography 27:489-505.

Cross, P. C. J. O Lloyd-Smith, J. Bowers, C. T. Hay, M. Hofmeyr and W. M. Getz, 2004. Integrating association and disease dynamics: an illustration using African buffalo data. Annals Zoologici Fennici. 41:879-892

Baxter, P. W. J. and W. M. Getz, 2005. A model-framed evaluation of elephant effects on tree and fire dynamics in African savannas. Ecological Applications, 15:1331-1341.

Sánchez, M. S., Grant, R. M., Porco, T. C., Gross, K. L. and Getz, W. M., 2005. Could a decrease in drug resistance levels of HIV be bad news? Bulletin Math. Biol. 67:761-782.

Cross, P. C. J. O Lloyd-Smith, and W. M. Getz, 2005. Disentangling association patters in fission-fusion societies using African buffalo as an example. Animal Behavior, 69:499-506.

Wilmers, C. C., and W. M. Getz, 2005. Gray wolves as climate change buffers in Yellowstone. PLoS Biology 3(4):571-576.

Wittemyer, G., I. Douglas-Hamilton and W. M. Getz, 2005. The socio-ecology of elephants: analysis of the processes creating multi-tiered social structures. Animal Behavior 69:1357-1371.

Cross, P.C., Lloyd-Smith, J.O., Johnson, P.L., Getz, W.M. 2005. Dueling time scales of host mixing and disease recovery determine invasion of disease in structured populations. Ecology Letters 8:587-595.

Redfern J. V., C. C. Grant, A. Gaylard, and W. M. Getz, 2005. Surface water availability and the management of herbivore distributions in an African savanna ecosystem. J. Arid Environments. 63:406-424.

Lloyd-Smith, J.O., Cross, P.C., Briggs, C.J., Daugherty, M., Getz, W.M., Latto, J., Sanchez, M., Smith, A., Swei, A. 2005. Population thresholds for disease invasion and persistence in natural populations. Trends Ecol. Evol., 20:511-519.

Redfern J. V., S. J. Ryan and W. M. Getz, 2006. Defining herbivore assemblages in Kruger National Park: A correlative coherence approach. Oecologia. 146:632-640

Sánchez, M. S., Grant, R. M., Porco, and Getz, W. M., 2006. HIV drug-resistent strains as epidemiological sentinals. Emerging Infectious Disease 12:191-197.

Lloyd-Smith, J. O., S, J. Schreiber, P. E. Kopp, and W. M. Getz, 2005. Superpreading and the impact of individual variation on disease emergence. Nature 438:355-359.

Karin M. Kettenring, Barbara T. Martinez, Anthony M. Starfield, and Wayne M. Getz, 2006. The appropriate sharing of ecological models. Bioscience 56:59-64.

Norrström, N, W. M. Getz. and N. M.A. Holmgren, 2006. Coevolution of consumer specialization and host mimicry can be cyclic and saltational. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online, 2:1-9.

Bar-David, S., J. O. Lloyd-Smith, W. M. Getz, 2006. Dynamics and management of infectious disease in colonizing populations. Ecology 87:1215–1224.

Getz. W. M., 2006. The “Theory of Evolution” is a misnomer. Bioscience 56:96-97

Getz, W. M. and J. O. Lloyd-Smith. 2006. Comment on: “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects.” Science 311:1100

Williams, B.G., Lloyd-Smith, J.O., Gouws, E., Hankins, C., Getz, W.M., Dye, C.,1, Hargrove, J., de Zoysa, I., Auvert, B, 2006. The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV incidence, HIV prevalence and AIDS deaths in Africa. PLoS Medicine 3(7):e262.

Salomon, J.A., J. O. Lloyd-Smith, W. M. Getz, S. Resch, M. S. Sánchez, T. Porco, M. Borgdorff, 2006. Prospects for advancing tuberculosis control efforts through novel therapies. PLoS Medicine. 3(8), e273.

Wittemyer, G. and W. M. Getz, 2006. A Likely Ranking Interpolation for Resolving Dominance Orders in Systems with Unknown Relationships. Behaviour 143: 909-930.

Cross, P.C., J. O. Lloyd-Smith, P. L. Johnson, W. M. Getz, 2007. Utility of R0 as a predictor of disease invasion in wildlife populations. J. Royal Soc. Interface. 4:315-324.

Holmgren N. M.A., N. Norrström, and W. M. Getz. 2007 Artificial neural networks in models of specialization, guild evolution and sympatric speciation. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B. (Lond.) 362:431-440.

Wittemyer, G. and W. M. Getz, 2007. Hierarchical dominance structure and social organization in African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Animal Behaviour 73:671-681.

Bidlack, A. L., S. E. Reed, P. J. Palsbøll, W. M. Getz, 2007. Characterization of a western North American carnivore community using PCR-RFLP of cytochrome b obtained from fecal samples. Conservation Genetics, 8:1511-1513.

Getz, W.M, S. Fortmann-Roe, P. C. Cross, A. J. Lyons, S. J. Ryan, C.C. Wilmers, 2007. LoCoH: nonparametric kernel methods for constructing home ranges and utilization distributions. PLoS ONE 2(2): e207. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000207.

Ryan, S. J., C. Knechtel, W. M. Getz, 2007. Ecological cues, gestation length, and birth timing in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Behavioral Ecology. 18: 635-644.

Baxter, P. W. J. and W. M. Getz, 2007. Development and parameterization of a rain and fire-driven model for exploring elephant effects in African savannas. Environmental Modeling and Assessment.

Wittemyer, G., W. M. Getz, F. Vollrath and I. Douglas-Hamilton, 2007. Social dominance, seasonal movements, and spatial segregation in African elephants: a contribution to conservation behavior. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 12:1919-1931. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-007-0432-0.

Eppley, J. M., G. W. Tyson, W. M. Getz, and J. F. Banfield, 2007. Genetic exchange across a species boundary in the archaeal genus Ferroplasma. Genetics 177: 407-416.

Eppley, J. M., G. W. Tyson, W. M. Getz and J. F. Banfield, 2007. Strainer: Software for analysis of population variation in community genomic datasets. BMC Bioinformatics 8:398.

Porco, T. and W. M. Getz. 2007. Comment: Controlling extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Lancet. 370:1464-5.

van Hooft, W. F., B. J. Greyling, , H. H. T. Prins, W. M. Getz, A. E. Jolles & A. D. S. Bastos. 2007. Balancing selection at the Y chromosome is driven by variation in rainfall in the African Buffalo. PLoS ONE 2(10): e1086.

Baxter, P. W. J. and W. M. Getz, 2008. Development and parameterization of a rain and fire-driven model for exploring elephant effects in African savannas. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 13:221-242.

Ryan S. J., P. T. Starks, K. Milton and W. M. Getz, 2008. Intersexual conflict and group size in Alouatta palliata: a 23-year evaluation. International J. Primatology 29:405-420.

Getz, W. M. 2008. HIV dynamics and immuno-senescence. AIDS 22:307-309.

Greyling, B. J., P. Kryger, S. du Plessis, W. F. van Hooft, P. van Helden, W. M. Getz & A. D. S. Bastos, 2008. Development of a high-throughput microsatellite typing approach for forensic and population genetic analysis of wild and domestic African Bovini. African J Biotechnology 7:655-660.

Winnie, J, A., P. C. Cross and W, M. Getz, 2008. Habitat quality and heterogeneity influences distribution, individual and herd behavior in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Ecology 89:1457-1468.

Sánchez M. S., J. O. Lloyd-Smith, T. C. Porco,B. G. Williams, M. W. Borgdorff, J. Mansoer, J. A. Salomon, W. M. Getz, 2008. Impact of HIV on novel therapies for tuberculosis control. AIDS 22:963-972.

Polansky, L., P. de Valpine, J. O. Lloyd-Smith and W. M. Getz, 2008. Parameter estimation in a generalized discrete-time model of density dependence. Theoretical Ecology 1:221-229.

Nathan, R, W. M. Getz, E. Revilla, M. Holyoak, R. Kadmon, D. Saltz and P. E. Smouse, 2008. A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research. PNAS 105(49):19052-19059.

Getz, W. M. and D. Saltz, 2008. A framework for generating and analyzing movement paths on ecological landscapes. PNAS 105(49): 19066-19071.

Wittemyer, G., L. Polansky, F. I. Douglas-Hamilton, and W. M. Getz, 2008. Disentangling the effects of forage, social rank, and risk on movement autocorrelation of elephants using Fourier and wavelet analyses. PNAS 105(49): 19108-19113.

Cross P. C., D.M. Heisey, J.A. Bowers, C. T. Hay, J. Wolhuter, M. Hofmeyr, A.L. Michel, T. L. F. Bird, J. T. Du Toit & W. M. Getz, 2009. Monitoring known individuals to study a chronic disease: bovine tuberculosis in African buffalo of the Kruger National Park. J. Applied Ecology 46(1): to appear

Sánchez M. S., J. O. Lloyd-Smith, B. G. Williams, T. C. Porco, S. J. Ryan, M. W. Borgdorff, J. Mansoer, C, Dye, W. M. Getz, 2009. Incongruent HIV and Tuberculosis Co-dynamics in Kenya: Interacting Epidemics Monitor Each Other. Epidemics (to appear)

Hahn J. A., D. Wylie, J. Dill, M. Sanchez, K. Page-Shafer, W. M. Getz, 2009. Potential impact of vaccination on the hepatitis C virus epidemic in injection drug users. Epidemics (to appear).

Polansky, L., P. de Valpine, J. O. Lloyd-Smith and W. M. Getz, 2009. Likelihood ridges and multimodality in population growth rate models. Ecology (to appear).

Wylie, D. C. and W. M. Getz, 2009. Sick and edgy: Walk-counting as a metric of epidemic spreading on networks. J Royal Soc Interface. (to appear, DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2008.0423)

Bar-David, S., I. Bar-David, P. C. Cross, S. J. Ryan, W. M. Getz, 2009. Methods for assessing movement path recursion with application to African buffalo in South Africa. Ecology (to appear).

Honors and Awards

  • Research Fellow - Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies, South Africa - 2009
  • Visiting Fellow - Institute for Advanced Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem - 2007
  • Visiting Lecturer - Australian Research Council's Center of Excellence in Math and Stats of Complex Systems - 2004
  • Fellow - Royal Society of South Africa - 2003
  • Fellow - California Academy of Sciences - 2000
  • Chancellor's Professor - University of California, Berkeley - 1998
  • Fellow - American Association for the Advancement of Science - 1997
  • D.Sc. - Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa - 1995
  • Senior U.S. Scientists Research Award - Alexander von Humboldt Foundation - 1992

Contact Information

Email: wgetz@berkeley.edu

Office: 5052 VLSB

Office Phone: 510-642-8745

Lab Phone: 510-666-2352

Fax: 510-643-1227


Office Hours

By Appointment

Research Group(s)

Mailing Address

Dept of Environmental Science, Policy, & Management
UC Berkeley
130 Mulford Hall #3114
Berkeley, CA 94720