Society & Environment
Political Ecology of Agriculture; Agri-Environmental Policy; Theories of Race, Culture, and State Power; U.S. Settler Colonialism and Imperialism; Migration; Transnational American Studies; Comparative Ethnic Studies
Between the 1940s and the 1970s, and throughout much of the decolonizing world, the U.S. led a set of international capital-intensive agricultural research, technology, and education transfer initiatives designed to modernize agriculture and combat hunger. Yet, named the “Green Revolution,” the international collaboration between various government agencies, as well as the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and other non-state actors, not only exponentially increased agricultural yields. Amidst a period of great social upheaval, it also served to preempt peasant unrest and larger revolutionary action, and force adherence to U.S. foreign economic policy.
My dissertation and book project, Containment in Black and Red: Race, Rural Insurgency, and the Settler-Imperial Politics of the Green Revolution, aims to contribute to and expand upon such genealogies by tracing how the afterlife of slavery and U.S. settler colonialism interface in mid-twentieth century formations of U.S. imperialism vis-a-vis international U.S. state, corporate, and philanthropic agricultural and rural development efforts broadly recognized as the Green Revolution. Specifically, Containment in Black and Red seeks to: (1) Situate the Green Revolution within, and in relation to, the genealogy of U.S. settler colonial and anti-black forms of subjection, administration, and governance at the locus of U.S. agricultural and rural development beginning in the early-twentieth century; (2) Situate this comparative, relational, and transnational analysis of the Green Revolution within localized and embodied contexts, attendant to black and Native peoples’ visions and practices of liberation vis-à-vis and agricultural and rural development more broadly from then onward into the mid-twentieth century.
In order to address these goals and questions, I join two archives: the legal and policy archive that framed and guided the Green Revolution—from the 1949 Point 4 Program to New Deal-era legislation targeting Indian reservations and the U.S. South that arguably prefigured it, including the 1928 Meriam Report, 1934 “Indian New Deal,” and the 1933 Farm Bill; and the organizational materials and cultural production of two key vocational agriculture education organizations that enacted the Green Revolution’s measures and emblematized its racialized genealogy, the Future Farmers of America (FFA) and the New Farmers of America (NFA), its Black counterpart from 1935 until their merge post-1964 Civil Rights Act.
Through these archives, I trace how postwar power differentials actualized by Green Revolution measures were negotiated through intentionally selective versions of the past that refigured not only its early twentieth-century genealogy, but also culturally and historically significant slave and settler sites, figures, and narratives. In doing so, I follow Raymond William's recognition of "tradition" as a means by which to provide continuity with the present—the present fashioned by the U.S. settler-imperial state and the present sought after by contemporaneous Native and Black land, labor, and cultural reform movements following the end of World War II. I ultimately argue that the anti-Black and settler colonial history of state-led rural modernization was both an intertwined part of the genealogy of the Green Revolution, and a “site” through which postwar domestic and international relations of power were solidified, negotiated, and contested—in narrative, subject and identity formations, memory, and knowledge production.
— PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES AND ESSAYS —
Ayazi, Hossein. “‘So God Made a Farmer’: The US Agrarian Imaginary and the Lived/Living Assemblages of Settlement and Empire,” Comparative American Studies (Under review).
Ayazi, Hossein. “Modern Liberalism and its Fictions.” Book review of Lisa Lowe’s The Intimacies of Four Continents. Qui Parle, no. 1–2 (2016): 207–20.
— SELECTED REPORTS —
Elsheikh, Elsadig and Hossein Ayazi. Moving Targets: An Analysis of Global Forced Migration. Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, Summer 2017
powell, john a., Elsadig Elsheikh, and Hossein Ayazi. "The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Corporations Before People and Democracy." Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, Spring 2016.
Ayazi, Hossein and Elsadig Elsheikh. "The U.S. Farm Bill: Corporate Power and Structural Racialization in the United States Food System." Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, Fall 2015.
Ayazi, Hossein (contributing researcher and author). "San Mateo County Food System Assessment." Redwood City, CA: San Mateo County Food System Alliance, May 2014.
Arnold Schultz Fellowship for Society and Environment, UC Berkeley, Fall 2017
Graduate Student Travel Grant, Critical Ethnic Studies and Minority Scholars Committees, American Studies Association, Fall 2017
UC Consortium for Black Studies in California Research Grant, Spring 2016
ESPM Summer Research Grant, UC Berkeley, Summer 2015
Dolores Zohrab Liebmann Fellowship (Nominee), UC Berkeley, Spring 2015
Mentored Research Award, UC Berkeley, 2015–2016
Graduate Division Summer Research Grant, UC Berkeley, Summer 2014
Center for Race and Gender Research Grant, UC Berkeley, Fall 2013
Graduate Division Summer Research Grant, UC Berkeley, Summer 2013
Associated Students Academic Opportunities Fund Grant, UC Berkeley, Summer 2013
Phi Beta Kappa, UC San Diego, 2010
Provost’s Honors, UC San Diego, 2007–2009
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 160AC: “American Environmental and Cultural History,” Fall 2014
UC Berkeley, History, Reader, HISTORY 127AC: “California History,” Spring 2014
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 155: “Sociology and Political Ecology of Agro-Food Systems,” Fall 2013
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 50AC: “Introduction to Culture and Natural Resource Management,” Fall 2012
UC San Diego, Division of Biological Sciences / Division of Anthropology, Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, BIEB 176: “Conservation and the Human Predicament,” Spring 2009
Tufts University, Center for the Humanities at Tufts (CHAT), Postdoctoral Fellow, Comparative Global Humanities, 2018-2019
UC Berkeley, Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Soceity, Research Fellow, Global Justice Program, Spring 2015 - Present
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, & Management
Division of Society and Environment
University of California, Berkeley
130 Mulford Hall #3114
Berkeley, CA 94720