Society & Environment
Political Ecology of Agriculture; Agri-Environmental Policy; Theories of Race, Culture, and State Power; U.S. Settler Colonialism and Imperialism; Migration; Transnational American Studies; Comparative Ethnic Studies
Between the 1940s and the 1970s, and throughout much of the decolonizing world, the U.S. led a set of international capital-intensive agricultural research, technology, and education transfer initiatives designed to modernize agriculture and combat hunger. Yet, named the “Green Revolution,” the international collaboration between various government agencies, as well as the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and other non-state actors, not only exponentially increased agricultural yields. Amidst a period of great social upheaval, it also served to preempt peasant unrest and larger revolutionary action, and force adherence to U.S. foreign economic policy.
My dissertation aims to treat the Green Revolution as an innovation in U.S. settler colonial and imperial governance--and the racial regimes that encode and reproduce such formations of U.S. colonialism--and to situate it and its negotiation in localized contexts. It asks: How did the Green Revolution take cue from early twentieth-century U.S.-based rural modernization efforts targeting the post-Reconstruction U.S. South, and Indian tribes and reservations in the wake of allotment. How was this history strategically negotiated in order to help secure U.S. hegemony and transnational capitalist development after World War II?
In order to address these goals and questions, I join two archives: the legal and policy archive that framed and guided the Green Revolution—from the 1949 Point 4 Program to New Deal-era legislation targeting Indian reservations and the U.S. South that arguably prefigured it, including the 1928 Meriam Report, 1934 “Indian New Deal,” and the 1933 Farm Bill; and the organizational materials and cultural production of two key vocational agriculture education organizations that enacted the Green Revolution’s measures and emblematized its racialized genealogy, the Future Farmers of America (FFA) and the New Farmers of America (NFA), its Black counterpart from 1935 until their merge post-1964 Civil Rights Act.
Through these archives, I trace how postwar power differentials actualized by Green Revolution measures were negotiated through intentionally selective versions of the past that refigured not only its early twentieth-century genealogy, but also culturally and historically significant slave and settler sites, figures, and narratives. In doing so, I follow Raymond William's recognition of "tradition" as a means by which to provide continuity with the present—the present fashioned by the U.S. settler-imperial state and the present sought after by contemporaneous Native and Black land, labor, and cultural reform movements following the end of World War II. I ultimately argue that the anti-Black and settler colonial history of state-led rural modernization was both an intertwined part of the genealogy of the Green Revolution, and a “site” through which postwar domestic and international relations of power were solidified, negotiated, and contested—in narrative, subject and identity formations, memory, and knowledge production.
— PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES AND ESSAYS —
Ayazi, Hossein. “Modern Liberalism and its Fictions.” Book review of Lisa Lowe’s The Intimacies of Four Continents. Qui Parle, no. 1–2 (2016): 207–20.
— SELECTED REPORTS —
Ayazi, Hossein, Elsadig Elsheikh. Nadia Barhoum, Hassan Ahmed, Sybil Lewis. Forced Migration in the 21st Century: Colonialism, Neoliberalism, Security, and the “Refugee Crisis” in Perspective. Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, (In preparation).
powell, john a., Elsadig Elsheikh, and Hossein Ayazi. "The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Corporations Before People and Democracy." Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, Spring 2016.
Ayazi, Hossein and Elsadig Elsheikh. "The U.S. Farm Bill: Corporate Power and Structural Racialization in the United States Food System." Berkeley, CA: Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society, Fall 2015.
Ayazi, Hossein (contributing researcher and author). "San Mateo County Food System Assessment." Redwood City, CA: San Mateo County Food System Alliance, May 2014.
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 160AC: “American Environmental and Cultural History,” Fall 2014
UC Berkeley, History, Reader, HISTORY 127AC: “California History,” Spring 2014
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 155: “Sociology and Political Ecology of Agro-Food Systems,” Fall 2013
UC Berkeley, ESPM, Graduate Student Instructor, ESPM 50AC: “Introduction to Culture and Natural Resource Management,” Fall 2012
UC San Diego, Division of Biological Sciences / Division of Anthropology, Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, BIEB 176: “Conservation and the Human Predicament,” Spring 2009
UC Berkeley, Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Soceity, Research Fellow, Global Justice Program, Spring 2015 - Present
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, & Management
Division of Society and Environment
University of California, Berkeley
130 Mulford Hall #3114
Berkeley, CA 94720