Dr. Whendee Silver is Professor of Ecosystem Ecology and Biogeochemistry in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management at U.C. Berkeley. She received her PhD in Ecosystem Ecology from Yale University. Her work seeks to determine the biogeochemical effects of climate change and human impacts on the environment, and the potential for mitigating these effects. The Silver Lab is currently working on drought and hurricane impacts on tropical forests, climate change mitigation potential of grasslands, and greenhouse gas dynamics of peatlands and wetlands. Professor Silver is the lead scientist of the Marin Carbon Project, which is determining the potential for land-based climate change mitigation, particularly by composting high-emission organic waste for soil amendments to sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide. The Silver Lab was awarded the Innovation Prize by the American Carbon Registry (2015) for this work. Professor Silver is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, the Ecological Society of America, and is a Kavli Fronteirs of Science Fellow. She was named a University of California Climate Champion for 2016 for outstanding teaching, research and public service in the areas of climate change solutions, action and broad engagement.
- PhD Ecosystem Ecology Yale University, 1992
- MS Forest Science Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 1987
- B.I.S. Environmental Studies School for International Training, 1982
Ecosystem ecology, biogeochemistry
My research seeks to determine the biogeochemical effects of climate change and human impacts on the environment, and the potential for mitigating these effects. My current research program has three primary foci: (1) the impacts of deforestation, reforestation, grazing, and other land-use practices on carbon losses, carbon sequestration, and biogeochemical cycling, (2) retention and loss of carbon and nitrogen under variable redox conditions and (3) the impacts of water and agricultural management on greenhouse gas emissions.
Peer-reviewed Articles and Book Chapters (* with students and postdocs)
196.* Almaraz, M., M. Simmonds, F. G. Boudinot, N. Bingham, S. Darshan, S. Khalsa, S. Ostoja, K. Scow, A. Jones, I. Holzer, E. Manaigo, E. Geoghegan, H. Goertzen, and W. L. Silver. 2023. Soil carbon sequestration in global working lands as a gateway for negative emission technologies. Global Change Biology https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.16884.
195.* Pérez, T., S. E. Vergara, and W. L. Silver. 2023. Assessing the climate change mitigation potential from food waste composting. Scientific Reports https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-34174-z.
194.* Anthony, T. L., D. J. Szutu, J. G. Verfaillie, D. D. Baldocchi, and W. L. Silver. 2023. Carbon-sink potential of continuous alfalfa agriculture lowered by short-term nitrous oxide emission events. Nature Communications https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-37391-2.
193.* Hendricks-Franco, L., S. L. Stephens, W. L. Silver, and W. P Sousa. 2023. Removal of N-fixing vs. non-N-fixing herbs in post-fire chaparral: competition and contributions to soil N and C cycling. Ecosphere https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.4607.
192.* Almaraz, M., P. M. Groffman, W. L. Silver, S. J. Hall, Y. Lin, C. O’Connell. 2023. Dinitrogen emissions dominate nitrogen gas emissions from soils with low oxygen availability in a moist tropical forest. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, DOI.org/10.1029/2022JG007210.
191. *Kutos, S. E. Stricker, A. Cooper, J. Creque, M. Machmuller, R. Ryals, M. E. Kroeger, and W. L. Silver. 2023. Utilizing compost to enhance carbon sequestration in rangelands. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation DOI: https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.2023.00072.
190.* Pérez, T., Silver, W.L., Mayer, A. and A. Jones. 2022. Nature's contributions to people: The role of soils in food production. In Thinking about science in an alternative way: Decolonial proposals and challenges for a sovereign Venezuela (Thinking as a Country Collection). Herrera, F. F., Lew, D. and Carucí, N. Eds. Mincyt Editions. ISBN: 978-980-7755-14-6. Legal deposit: DC2022000749, Caracas, Venezuela. pp 303-322. In Spanish.
189.*Hall, A., M. D. Potts, and W. L. Silver. 2022. Near-term potential of organic waste management infrastructure for soil carbon sequestration in rangelands. Environmental Research: Infrastructure and Sustainability DOI: 10.1088/2634-4505/ac970f.
188.*Mayer, A. and W. L. Silver. 2022. The climate change mitigation potential of annual grasslands under future climates. Ecological Applications doi.org/10.1002/eap.2705.
187. Wymore, A. S., W. H. Yang, W. L. Silver, W. H. McDowell and J. Chorover. 2022. Biogeochemistry of Critical Zone. Springer Nature, Switzerland AG.
186. Wymore, A. S., W. H. Yang, W. L. Silver, W. H. McDowell and J. Chorover. 2022. An introduction to the biogeochemistry of the critical zone. Pages 1-7 in Wymore, A. S., W. H. Yang, W. L. Silver, W. H. McDowell and J. Chorover eds, Biogeochemistry of Critical Zone. Springer Nature, Switzerland AG DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-95921-0_1.
185.*Baumbauer, C. L., P. J. Goodrich, M. E. Payne, T. Anthony, C. Beckstoffer, A. Toor, W. L. Silver, and A. C. Arias. 2022. Printed potentiometric nitrate sensors for use in soil. Sensors, https:// doi.org/10.3390/s22114095.
184.*O’Connell, C. S., T. L. Anthony, M. A. Mayes, T. Pérez, D. Sihi, and W. L. Silver. 2022. Utilizing novel field and data exploration methods to explore hot moments in high-frequency soil nitrous oxide emissions data: Opportunities and challenges. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2022.674348.
183. Jakovac, C. C., J.A. Meave, F. Bongers, S.G. Letcher, J.M. Dupuy, D. Piotto, D.M.A. Rozendaal, M. Peña-Claros, B.A. Santos, J. Aguilar-Cano et al. W. L. Silver (alphabetically). 2022. Strong floristic distinctiveness across Neotropical successional forests. Sciences Advances DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abn1767.
182.*Aoyama, L., J. W. Bartolome, L. Silva, and W. L. Silver. 2022. A case study using the Ecological Site Descriptions to assess soil organic matter and soil carbon stocks on Tejon Ranch. California Agriculturehttps://doi.org/10.3733/ca.2022a0007.
181.*Shaw, E. A., C. T. White, W. L. Silver, K. N. Suding, and L. M. Hallett. 2022. Intra-annual precipitation effects on annual grassland productivity and phenology are moderated by community responses. Journal of Ecologydoi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13792.
180.*Lin, Y., A. Gross, and W.L. Silver. 2022. Low Redox Decreases Potential Phosphorus Limitation on Soil Biogeochemical Cycling Along a Tropical Rainfall Gradient. Ecosystems, doi.org/10.1007/s10021-021-00662-4.
179.*Anthony, T. L. and W. L. Silver 2021. Hot moments drive extreme nitrous oxide and methane emissions from agricultural peatlands. Global Change Biology doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15802.
178.*Silver, W. L., T. Perez, A. Mayer, and A. R. Jones. 2021. The role of soil in the contribution of food and feed. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0181.
177. Smith, P., S. Keesstra, W. L. Silver, T. K. Adhya. 2021. The role of soils in delivering Nature’s Contributions to People. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0169.
176.*Kasak, K., M. Espenberg, T. Anthony, S. G. Tringe, A. C. Valach, K. S. Hemes, W. Silver, Ü. Mander, K. Kill, G. McNicol, D. Szutu, J. Verfaillie, and D. D. Baldocchi. 2021. Restoring wetlands on intensive agricultural lands modifies nitrogen cycling microbial communities and reduces N2O production potential. Journal of Environmental Management doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113562.
175.*Chari, N., Y. Lin, Y. Lin, and W.L. Silver. 2021. Interactive effects of temperature and redox on soil carbon and iron cycling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2021.108235
174. Smith, P, S. Keesstra, W. L. Silver, T. K. Adhya, G. B. De Deyn, L. Carvalheiro, D. Giltrap, P. Renforth, K. Cheng, B. Sarker, P. M. Saco, K. Scow, J. Smith, J. Morel, S. Thiele-Bruhn and P. McElwee. 2021. Soil-derived Nature’s Contributions to People and their contribution to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0185.
173.* Valach, A.C., K. Kasak, K.S. Hemes, T.L. Anthony, I. Dronova, S. Taddeo, W.L. Silver, D. Szutu, J. Verfaillie, and D. Baldocchi. 2021. Productive wetlands restored for carbon sequestration quickly become net CO2 sinks with site-level factors driving uptake variability. PLOS ONE doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248398
172.*Lin, Y., A. N. Campbell, A. Bhattacharyya, N. DiDonato, A. M. Thompson, M. M. Tfaily, P. S. Nico, W. L. Silver#, and J. Pett-Ridge#. 2021. Differential effects of redox conditions on the decomposition of litter and soil organic matter. Biogeochemistry Letters. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-021-00790-y. #co-senior authors,
171.*Sihi, D, X. Xu, M. Salazar Ortiz, C. S. O’Connell, W. L. Silver, C. López-Lloreda, J. M. Brenner., R. K. Quinn, J. R. Phillips, B. D. Newman, and M. A. Mayes. 2021. Representing methane emissions from wet tropical forest soils using microbial functional groups constrained by soil diffusivity. Biogeosciences, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-1769-2021.
170. Yadav P., S. Antony-Babu, E. Hayes, O. M. Healy, D. Pan, W. H. Yang, W. L. Silver, C. L. Anderson, A. Voshall, S. C. Fernando, E. N. Moriyama, J. R. Herr, K. A. Weber. 2021. Complete Genome Sequence of Geobacter sp. Strain FeAm09, a Moderately Acidophilic Soil Bacterium. Microbiology Resource Announcements DOI: 10.1128/MRA.00979-20.
169. Billings, S. A., K. Lajtha, A. Malhotra, A. A. Berhe, M.-A. de Graaff, S. Earl, J. Fraterrigo, K. Georgiou, S. Grandy, S. E. Hobbie, J. Moore, K. Nadelhoffer, D. Pierson, C. Rasmussen, W. L. Silver, B. Sulman, S. Weintraub, W. Wieder. 2021. Soil organic carbon is not just for soil scientists: Measurement recommendations for diverse practitioners.Ecological Applications, doi.org/10.1002/eap.2290.*Most downloaded paper in 2021
168. Zimmerman, J. K., T. E. Wood, G. González, A. Ramirez, W. L. Silver, M. Uriarte, M. R. Willig, R. B. Waide, and A. E. Lugo. 2021. Disturbance and resilience in the Luquillo Experimental Forest. Biological Conservationdoi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108891
167.*Ben Bond-Lamberty, Danielle S. Christianson, Avni Malhotra, Stephanie C. Pennington, D. Sihi (authorship alphabetical from here), W.L. Silver…J. Zou. 2020. COSORE: A community database for continuous soil respiration and other soil-atmosphere greenhouse gas flux data. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.15353.
166. Wieder, W. R., D. Pierson, S.R. Earl, K. Lajtha, S. Baer, F. Ballantyne, A.A. Berhe, S. Billings, L.M. Brigham, S.S. Chacon, J. Fraterrigo, S.D. Frey, K. Georgiou, M. de Graaff, A.S. Grandy, M.D. Hartman, S.E. Hobbie, C. Johnson, J. Kaye, E. Snowman, M.E. Litvak, M.C. Mack, A. Malhotra, J.A.M. Moore, K. Nadelhoffer, C. Rasmussen, W. L. Silver, B.N. Sulman, X. Walker, & S. Weintraub. 2020. SOils DAta Harmonization database (SoDaH): an open-source synthesis of soil data from research networks version 1.0. Earth System Science Data Discussion, doi:10.5194/essd-2020-195
165.*Anthony, T. and E. L. Silver. 2020. Mineralogical associations with soil carbon in managed wetland soils. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.15309.
164. *Hogan, J.A., R.A. Faegin, G. Starr, M. Ross, T. Lin, C. O’Connell, B. Stauffer, K. Robinson, M.L. Chapela, J. Xue, B.K. Reese, S.J. Geist, E.R. Whitman, S. Douglas, V.M. Congdon, J.W. Reustle, R.S. Smith, D. Lagomasino, B.A. Strickland, S.S. Wilson, C.E. Proffitt, J.D. Hogan, B.L. Branoff, A.R. Armitage, S.A. Rush, R.O. Santos, M. Campos-Cerqueira, P.A. Montagna, B. Erisman, L. Walker, W.L. Silver, T.A. Crowl, M. Wetz, N. Hall, X. Zou, S.C. Pennings, L. Wang, C. Chang, M. Leon, W.H. McDowell, J.S. Kominoski, C.J. Patrick. 2020. A Research Framework to Integrate Cross-Ecosystem Responses to Tropical Cyclones. BioScience, doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa034.
163.* Lin, Y., A. Gross, C. S. O’Connell, and W. L. Silver. 2020. Anoxic conditions maintained high phosphorus sorption in humid tropical forest soils. Biogeosciences https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-89-2020.
162.* Gross, A., Y. Lin, P. K. Weber, J. Pett-Ridge, and W. L. Silver. 2020. The role of soil redox conditions in microbial phosphorus cycling in humid tropical forests. Ecology https://doi:101(2):e02928. 10.1002/ecy.2928.
161.*McNicol, G. S. H. Knox. T. P. Guilderson, D. D. Baldocchi, and W. L. Silver. 2019. Where old meets new: An ecosystem study of methanogenesis in a reflooded agricultural peatland. Global Change Biologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14916
160. Silver, W. 2019. Enhancing carbon sinks in natural and working lands. In, V. Ramanathan, A. Millard-Ball, M. Niemann, S. Friese (eds) Bending the Curve: Climate Change Solutions. Location: Regents of the University of California. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/6kr8p5rq
159.*Vergara, S. E. and W. L. Silver. 2019. Greenhouse gas emissions from windrow composting of organic wastes: Patterns and Emissions Factors. Environmental Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab5262
158. Brewer, T. E., Aronson, E. L., Arogyaswamy, A., Billings, S. A., Botthoff, J. K., Campbell, A. N., Dove, N. C., Fairbanks, D., Gallery, R. E., Hart, S. C., Kaye, J., King, J., Logan, G., Lohse, K. A., Maltz, M. R., Mayorgam, E., O'Neill, C., Owens, S. M., Packman, A., Pett-Ridge, J., Plante, A. F., Richter, D. D., Silver, W. L., Yang, W. H., and N. Fierer. 2019. Ecological and genomic attributes of novel bacterial taxa that thrive in subsurface soil horizons. mBio https://doi: 10.1128/mBio.01318-19.
157. Sanchez D, Houlton B, Silver W L. 2019. UC experts can lead on carbon dioxide removal. California Agriculture 73:69-72. https://doi.org/10.3733/ca.2019a0009.
156.*Portier, E., W. L. Silver, and W. H. Yang. 2019. Invasive perennial forb effects on gross soil nitrogen cycling and nitrous oxide fluxes depend on phenology. Ecology 100(7):e02716. 10.1002/ecy.2716.
155. Wood, T. E., G. Gonzalez, W. L. Silver, S. C. Reed, and M. A. Cavaleri. 2019. On the shoulders of giants: continuing the legacy of large-scale ecosystem manipulation experiments in Puerto Rico. Forests 10(3), 210; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030210.
154.*See, C. R, M. L. McCormack, S. E. Hobbie, H. Flores-Moreno, W. L. Silver, and P. G. Kennedy. 2019. Global patterns in fine root decomposition: climate, chemistry, mycorrhizal association and woodiness. Ecology Letters 22: 946–953.
153.*Hemes K. S, S. D. Chamberlain, E. Eichelmann, T. Anthony, A. Valach, K. Kasak, D. Szutu, J. Verfaillie, W. L. Silver, D. D. Baldocchi. 2019. Assessing the carbon and climate benefit of restoring degraded agricultural peatlands to managed wetlands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.01.017.
152. Rozendaal DMA, Bongers F, Aide TM, Ascarrunz N, Balvanera P, Becknell JM, Brancalion, PHS, Cabral GAL, Calvo-Rodriguez S, Chave J, César RG, Chazdon RL, Condit R, Dalling J, de Almeida-Cortez JS, de Foresta H, de Jong B, Denslow JS, Dent DH, DeWalt SJ, Dupuy JM, Durán SM, Dutrieux LP, Espírito-Santo MM, Fandino MC, Fernandes GW, Finegan B, Gonzalez N, Granda Moser V, Hall JS, Hernández-Stefanoni JL, Hubbell S, Junqueira AB, Kennard D, Larpin D, Letcher SG, Licona J-C, Lebrija-Trejos E, Marín-Spiotta E, Martínez-Ramos M, Meave JA, MolinoJ-F, Mora F, Müller SC, Muñoz R, Nolasco de Oliveira Neto S, Nunes YRF, Ochoa-Gaona S, Ortiz-Malavassi E, Ostertag R, Peña-Claros M, Pérez-García EA, Piotto D, Powers JS, Rodríguez-Velazquez J, Romero-Romero MA, Ruíz J, Sabatier D, Sanchez-Azofeifa A, Silva de Almeida A, Silver WL, Schwartz NB, Thomas W, Toledo M, Uriarte M, Valadares de Sá Sampaio E, van Breugel M, van der Wal H, Venâncio Martins S, Veloso MDM, Vester HFM, Vieira ICG, Villa P, Zanini KJ, Zimmerman J, Poorter L. 2019. Biodiversity resilience of Neotropical secondary forests. Science Advances: eaau3114.
151.*Bhattacharyya, A., A. Campbell, M. Tfaily, Y. Lin, R. Kukkadapu, W. L. Silver, P. Nico, and J. Pett-Ridge. 2018.Redox fluctuations control the coupled cycling of iron and carbon in tropical forest soils. Environmental Science & Technology doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b03408.
150.*Gross, A., J. Pett-Ridge, and W. L. Silver. 2018. Competition between microbes and minerals drives phosphorus dynamics in humid tropical forests soils. Soil Systems 2, 65; doi:10.3390/soilsystems2040065
149.*Barcellos, D. C. S. O'Connell, W. L. Silver, C. Meile, A. Thompson. 2018. Hot spots and hot moments of soil moisture explain fluctuations in iron and carbon cycling in a humid tropical forest soil. Soil Systems 2, 59; doi:10.3390/soilsystems2040059.
148.*Silver, W. L., S. E. Vergara, and A. Mayer. 2018. Carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas mitigation potential of composting and soil amendments on California’s rangelands. California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment, California Natural Resources Agency. Publication number: CNRA-CCC4A-2018-002, Sacramento, CA.
147.*Flint, L. E., A. L. Flint, M. A. Stern, A. Mayer, W. L. Silver, C. Casey, F. Franco, K. B. Byrd, B. M. Sleeter, P. Alvarez, J. Creque, T. Estrada, D. Cameron. 2018. Increasing soil organic carbon to mitigate greenhouse gases and increase climate resiliency for California. California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment, California Natural Resources Agency. Publication number: CNRA-CCC4A-2018-006, Sacramento, CA.
146.*Lin, Y., A. Bhattacharyya, A. Campbell, P. Nico, J. Pett-Ridge, and W. L. Silver. 2018. Phosphorus fractionation responds to dynamic redox conditions in a humid rainforest soil. JGR-Biogeosciencesdoi.org/10.1029/2018JG004420.
145. Richter, D. D., Billings, S. A., Groffman, P. M., Kelly, E. F., Lohse, K. A., McDowell, W. H., Riebe, C., Silver, W. L., White, T. S., Anderson, S., Brantley, S., Brecheisen, Z. S., Chadwick, O. A., Hartnett, H. E., Hobbie, S. E., Kazanski, C. E., Markewitz, D., O'Neill, K., Schroeder, P., and Thompson, A. 2018. Elevating the biogeosciences within environmental research networks. Biogeosciences. doi.org/10.5194/bg-2018-67.
144.*Mayer, A., Z. Hausfather, A. D. Jones, and W. L. Silver. 2018. The Potential of Agricultural Land Management to Contribute to Lower Global Surface Temperatures. Sciences Advances 4, eaaq0932
143.*Maga, G. D.M.A. Rozendaal, L. Poorter, F. Bongers, J.I. Sprent, M.D. Garner, T.M. Aide, J.L. Andrade, P. Balvanera, J.M. Becknell1, P. Brancalion1, G.A.L. Cabral1, R.G. César, R.L. Chazdon, R.J. Cole, G. Dalla Colletta, B. de Jong, J.S. Denslow, D.H. Dent, S.J. DeWalt, J.M. Dupuy, S.M. Durán, M. Marcos do Espírito Santo, G.W. Fernandes, Y.R. Ferreira Nunes, B. Finegan, V. Granda Moser, J.S. Hall, J. Hernández-Stefanoni, A.B. Junqueira, D. Kennard, E. Lebrija-Trejos, S.G. Letcher, M. Lohbeck, E. Marín-Spiotta, M. Martínez-Ramos, J.A. Meave, Duncan N. L. Menge, Francisco Mora, Rodrigo Muñoz, Robert Muscarella, Susana Ochoa-Gaona, E. Orihuela-Belmonte, R.a Ostertag, M. Peña-Claros , E.A. Pérez- García, D. Piotto, P.B. Reich, C. Reyes-García, J. Rodríguez- Velázquez, I.E. Romero-Pérez, L. Sanaphre-Villanueva, A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, N.B. Schwartz, A. Silva de Almeida, J. Silva de Almeida Cortez, W.L. Silver, V. Souza Moreno, B.W. Sullivan, N.G. Swenson, M. Uriarte, M. van Breugel, H. van der Wal, M. das Dores Magalhães Veloso, H.F.M. Vester, I. Célia Guimarães Vieira, J.K. Zimmerman, J.S. Powers. 2018. Legume abundance along successional and rainfall gradients in neotropical forests. Nature Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0559-6.
142.*Chamberlain, S. D., T. L. Anthony, W. L. Silver, E. Eichelmann, K. S. Hemes, P. Y. Oikawa, C. Sturtevant, D. J. Szutu, J. G. Verfaillie, and D. D. Baldocchi. 2018. Soil properties and sediment accretion modulate methane fluxes from restored wetlands. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.14124.
141.*O’Connell, C., L. Ruan, and W.L. Silver. 2018. Drought drives rapid shifts in tropical rainforest soil biogeochemistry and greenhouse gas emissions. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03352-3.
140.*Gutierrez del Arroyo, O. and W. L. Silver. 2017. Disentangling the long-term effects of disturbance on soil biogeochemistry in a humid tropical forest in Puerto Rico. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.14027.
139.*Yang, W. H., G. McNicol, Y. A. Teh, K. Estera, T. E. Wood, and W. L. Silver. 2017. Evaluating the classical versus emerging conceptual model of peatland methane dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 31: 1435–1453. Highlighted in EOS.
138.* Harden, J., Hugelius, G., Ahlström, A., Blankinship, J., Bond-Lamberty, B., Lawrence, C., Loisel, J., Malhotra, A., Jackson, R., Ogle, S., Phillips, C., Ryals, R., Todd-Brown, K., Vargas, R., Vergara, S., Cotrufo, F., Keiluweit, M., Heckman, K., Crow, S., Silver, W.L., DeLonge, M., Nave, L. 2017. Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.13896. Top 25 downloaded papers in 2018.
137.*Yang, W.H., R. Ryals, D.F. Cusack, and W.L. Silver. 2017. Cross-biome assessment of gross soil nitrogen cycling in California ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 107:144-155.
136.*Dialynas, Y. G., S. Bastola, R. L. Bras, E. Marin-Spiotta, W. L. Silver, E. Arnone, and L. V. Noto. 2016. Impact of hydrologically driven hillslope erosion and landslide occurrence on soil organic carbon dynamics in tropical watersheds. Water Resources Research 52: 8895–8919
135. Cayuela, M.L., Aguilera E., Sanz-Cobena, A., Adams D.C., Abalos, D., Ryals, R., Silver, W.L., Barton, L., Alfaro M., Pappa, V., Smith, P., Garnier, J., Billen, G., Bouwman, L., Bondeau, A., Lassaletta, L. 2017. Direct nitrous oxide emissions in Mediterranean climate cropping systems: emission factors based on a meta-analysis of available measurement data. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment. 238:25-35.
134.*McNicol, G., C.S. Sturtevant, S.H. Knox, I. Dronova, D.D. Baldocchi, and W. L. Silver. 2017. Effects of seasonality, transport-pathway, and spatial structure on restored wetland greenhouse gas fluxes. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13580.
133.*Owen, J. J., and W. L. Silver. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from dairy manure management in a Mediterranean environment. Ecological Applications 27: 545-559.
132.*Hall, S. J., D. Liptzin, H. Buss, K. DeAngelis, and W. L. Silver. 2016. Drivers and patterns of iron redox cycling from surface to bedrock in a deep tropical forest soil: a new conceptual model. Biogeochemistry 130:177-190.
131.*Bouskill, N. J., T. E. Wood, R. Baran, Z. Ye, B. P. Bowen, H. C. Lim, J. Zhou, D Van Nostrand, P. Nico, T. R. Northen, W. L. Silver, E. L. Brodie. 2016. Belowground response to drought in a weathered tropical forest soil. I. Functional changes in microbial composition are induced by decreasing water potential. Frontiers in Microbiology7:525. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00525.
130.*Bouskill, N. J., T. E. Wood, R. Baran, Z. Hao, Z. Ye, B. P. Bowen, H. C. Lim, P. Nico, H-Y Holman, B. Gilbert, W. L. Silver, T. R. Northen, E. L. Brodie. 2016. Belowground response to drought in a tropical forest soil. II. 2016. Change in microbial function impacts carbon composition. Frontiers in Microbiology 7:323. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00323.
129.*Hall, S. J., W. L. Silver, V. I. Timokhin, and K. E. Hammel. 2016. Iron addition suppressed mineralization of lignin methoxyls but did not impact total respiration from a humid tropical forest soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 98: 95-98.
128*Yang, W. H. and W. L. Silver. 2016. Net soil–atmosphere fluxes mask patterns in gross production and consumption of nitrous oxide and methane in a managed ecosystem. Biogeosciences 13: 1705-1715.
127.* Yang, W. H. and W. L. Silver. 2016. Gross nitrous oxide production drives net nitrous oxide fluxes across a salt marsh landscape. Global Change Biology 22: 2228-2237.
126.*Ryals, R., V. T. Eviner, C. Stein, K. N. Suding, and W. L. Silver. 2016. Managing for multiple ecosystem services: are there tradeoffs between carbon sequestration, plant production and plant diversity in grasslands amended with compost? Ecosphere doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1270.
125.*Hall, S. J., W. L. Silver, V. I. Timokhin, and K. E. Hammel. 2015. Lignin decomposition is sustained under fluctuating redox conditions in humid tropical forest soils. Global Change Biology 21:2818-2828.
124.*Owen, J., W. J. Parton, and W. L. Silver. 2015. Long-term impacts of manure amendments on carbon and greenhouse gas dynamics of rangelands. Global Change Biology 21:4533–4547.
123.*Liptzin, D. and W. L. Silver. 2015. Spatial patterns in oxygen and redox sensitive biogeochemistry in tropical forest soils. Ecosphere 6: 1-14.
122.*Hall, S. J., G. McNicol, T. Natake, and W. L. Silver. 2015. Large fluxes and rapid turnover of mineral-associated carbon across topographic gradients in a humid tropical forest: insights from paired 14C analysis. Biogeosciences doi:10.5194/bg-12-2471-2015.
121.*McNicol, G. and W. L. Silver. 2015. High sensitivity of CO2 and CH4 emissions to low oxygen availability in a peatland soil. Biogeochemistry 123:299-306.
120.*Hall, S. H. and W. L. Silver. 2015. Synergisms among reactive minerals and reducing conditions explain spatial patterns of soil carbon in humid tropical forest soils. Biogeochemistry 125:149-165.
119.*Yang, W. H., B. Traut, and W. L. Silver. 2015. Microbially-mediated nitrogen retention and loss in a salt marsh soil. Ecosphere 6(1):7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00179.1.
118.* Owen, J. and W. L. Silver. 2015. Greenhouse gas emissions from dairy manure management: a review of field-based studies. Global Change Biology 21: 550-565.
117. Silver, W. L. 2016. On being a Luquillo LTER Scientist. PP In, Willig, W.R. and L. R. Walker (eds) Long-Term Environmental Research: Changing the Nature of Science. Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y.
116. *Ryals, R., M. D. Hartman, W. J. Parton, and M. S. DeLonge, and W. L. Silver. 2015. Long-term climate change mitigation potential with organic matter management on grasslands. Ecological Applications 25: 531-545.
115. *Hall, S. J., J. Treffkorn, and W. L. Silver. 2014. Breaking the enzymatic latch: Impacts of reducing conditions on hydrolytic enzyme activity in tropical forest soils. Ecology 95: 2964-2973.
114.*Silver, W. L., S. J. Hall, and G. González. 2014. Differential effects of canopy trimming and litter deposition on litterfall and nutrient dynamics in a wet subtropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 332: 47-55.
113.*McNicol, G. and W. L. Silver. 2014. Separate effects of flooding and anaerobiosis on soil greenhouse gas emissions and redox sensitive biogeochemistry. JGR-Biogeosciences 119: 557-566.
112.*Yang, W. H., W. C. McDowell, P. D. Brooks, and W. L. Silver. 2014. New high precision approach for measuring 15N-N2 gas fluxes from terrestrial ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 69: 234-241..
111.*Ryals, R. M. Kaiser, M. S. Torn, A. A. Berhe, and W. L. Silver. 2014. Impacts of organic matter amendments on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in grassland soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 68: 52-61.
110.*Wood, T. E., M. Detto, and. W. L. Silver. 2013. Sensitivity of soil respiration to short-term variability in soil moisture and temperature in a humid tropical forest. PLOS ONE 8(12): e80965. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080965
109.*DeAngelis, K. M., D. Chivian, J. L. Fortney, A. P. Arkin, B. Simmons, T. C. Hazen, and W. L. Silver. 2013. Changes in microbial dynamics during long term decomposition in tropical forests. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 66: 60-68.
108. Waide, R. B., D. E. Comarazamy, J. E. González, C. A. S. Hall, A. E. Lugo, J. C. Luvall, D. J. Murphy, J. R. Ortíz-Zayas, N. D. Ramírez-Beltran, F. N. Scatena and W. L. Silver. 2013. Climate variability at multiple spatial and temporal scales in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. Ecological Bulletins 54:21-42.
107.*Hall, S. J. and W. L. Silver. 2013. Iron oxidation stimulates organic matter decomposition in humid tropical forest soils. Global Change Biology 19: 2804-2819.
106.*Delonge, M, R. Ryals, and W. L. Silver. 2013. A lifecycle model to evaluate carbon sequestration potential and greenhouse gas dynamics of managed grasslands. Ecosystems 16: 962-979.
105.*Hall, S. J., W. H. McDowell, and W. L. Silver 2013. When wet gets wetter: decoupling of moisture, redox biogeochemistry, and greenhouse gas fluxes in a humid tropical forest soil. Ecosystems 16: 576-589.
104.*Yang, W. H.. Y. A. Teh, and W. L. Silver. 2013. Measuring gross N2O production in soil: a reply to Well andButterbach-Bahl. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12097.
103.*Bouskill, N. J., H. C. Lim, S. Borglin, R. Salve, T. E. Wood, W. L. Silver, and E. L. Brodie. 2013. Pre-exposure to short-term drought increases the resistance of subtropical forest soil bacterial communities to extended drought. ISME Journal 7: 384-394.
102.*Ryals, B. and W. L. Silver. 2013. Effects of organic matter amendments on net primary productivity and greenhouse gas emissions in annual grassland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 23: 46-59.
101.*Yang, W. H., K. A. Weber, and W. L. Silver. 2012. Nitrogen loss from soil via anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to iron reduction. Nature GeoScience 5: 538-541.
100. Lugo, A. E., N. L. Harris, and W. L. Silver. 2012. Nutrient cycling in the Luquillo Experimental Forest. Chapter 15 in Harris, N.L.; Lugo, A.E.; Brown, S.; and Heartsill Scalley, T. (Eds.). Luquillo Experimental Forest: Research history and opportunities. EFR-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 152 p.
99. *Rubol, S. W. L. Silver, A. Bellin. 2012. Hydrologic control on redox and nitrogen dynamics in a peatland soil. Science of the Total Environment 432:37-46.
98. * DeAngelis, K. M., J. L. Foutney, S. Borglin, W. L. Silver, B. A. Simmons, and T. Hazen. 2012. Anaerobic decomposition of switchgrass by tropical soil-derived feedstock adapted consortia. mBio . doi:10.1128/ mBio.00249-11
97. *Yang, W. H. and W. L. Silver. 2012. Application of the N2/Ar technique to soil-atmosphere N2 fluxes. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 26:449-459.
96.*Yang, W. H. D. J. Herman, D. Liptzin, and W. L. Silver. 2012. A new approach for removing interference from soil nitrate analyses. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 46: 123-128.
95.*Wood, T. E. and W. L. Silver. 2012. Drought creates a negative feedback to climate change in humid tropical forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles VOL. 26, GB3005, doi:10.1029/2010GB004014. Featured in Nature News and Views Sept. 2012.
94. McDowell, W. H., F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, N. Brokaw, G. R. Camilo, A. P. Covich, T. A. Crowl, G. González, E. A. Greathouse, P. Klawinski, D. J. Lodge, A. E. Lugo, C. M. Pringle, B. A. Richardson, M. J. Richardson, D. A. Schaefer, W. L. Silver, J. Thompson, D. J. Vogt, K. A. Vogt, M. R. Willig, L. L. Woolbright, X. Zou, J. K. Zimmerman. 2012. Geographic and Ecological Setting of the Luquillo Mountains. Pages 72-163 In Brokaw, N., T. A. Crowl, A. E. Lugo, W. H. McDowell, F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, and M. R. Willig (eds.). A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response. Oxford University Press. Oxford, U.K.
93. Scatena, F. N., F. Blanco, K. Beard, R. Waide, A. E. Lugo, N. Brokaw, W. L. Silver, B. Haines, and J. Zimmerman. 2012. Disturbance regime. Pages 164-200 in Brokaw, N., T. A. Crowl, A. E. Lugo, W. H. McDowell, F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, and M. R. Willig (eds.). A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response. Oxford University Press. Oxford, U.K.
92. Brokaw, N., J. Zimmerman, G. Camilo, A. Covich, T. Crowl, N. Fetcher,B. Haines, M. Gannon, J. Lodge, A. Lugo, R. Myster, C. Pringle, J.Sharpe, F. Scatena, T. Schowalter, W. L. Silver, J. Thompson, D. Vogt, K.Vogt, R. Waide, L. Walker, M. Willig, L. Woolbright, J. Wunderle, and X. Zou. 2012. Response to disturbance. Pages 201-271 inBrokaw, N., T. A. Crowl, A. E. Lugo, W. H. McDowell, F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, and M. R. Willig (eds.). A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response. Oxford University Press. Oxford, U.K.
91. Willig, M. R., C. P. Bloch, A. P. Covich, C A. S. Hall, D. J. Lodge, A. E. Lugo, W. L. Silver, R. B. Waide, L. R. Walker, and J. K. Zimmerman. 2012. Long-term research in the Luquillo Mountains: Synthesis and foundations for the future. Pages 361-442 in Brokaw, N., T. A. Crowl,A. E. Lugo, W. H. McDowell, F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, and M. R. Willig (eds.). A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response. Oxford University Press. Oxford, U.K.
90.*Johnson, K. D., F. N. Scatena, and W. L. Silver. 2011. Atypical soil carbon distribution across a tropical steepland forest catena. Catena 87:391-397.
89.* Cleveland, C.C. A.R. Townsend, P. Taylor, S. Alvarez-Clare, M.M.C. Bustamante, G. Chuyong, S.Z. Dobrowski, P. Grierson, K.E. Harms, B.Z. Houlton, A. Marklein, W. Parton, S. Porder, S.C. Reed, C.A. Sierra, W.L. Silver, E.V.J. Tanner & W.R. Wieder. 2011. Relationships among net primary productivity, nutrients and climate in tropical rain forest: A pan-tropical analysis. Ecology Letters doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01658.x.
88.*Yang, W. H., Y. A. Teh, and W. L. Silver. 2011. Nitrous oxide production and consumption in a peatland pasture: a test of a field-based 15N-nitrous oxide pool dilution technique. Global Change Biology 17: 3577-3588.
87. McGroddy, M, E., and W. L. Silver. 2011. Biogeochemical cycling in tropical forests. Pages 315-141 in M. Bush and J. Flenly eds, Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change. Praxis-Springer Verlag, Berlin 2nd edition.
86.*Silver, W.L., D. Liptzin, and M. Almaraz. 2013. Soil redox dynamics and biogeochemistry along a tropical elevation gradient. Ecological Bulletins 4:195–209.
85.* DeAngelis, K. M. M. Allgaier, Y. Chavarria, J. L. Fortney, P. Hugenholtz, B. Simmons, K. Sublette, W. L. Silver, T. C. Hazen. 2012. Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil. PLoS ONE 6(4): e19306. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019306.
84.*Baldocchi, D. B., D. Detto, O. Sonnentag, J. Verfaillie, Y. A. Teh. W. L. Silver, and N. M Kelly. 2012. The Trials and Tribulations of Measuring Methane Fluxes and Concentrations over a Peatland Pasture in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta of California. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 153:177-187.
83.*Hall, S. J., W. L. Silver, and R. Amundson. 2011. Greenhouse gas fluxes from Atacama Desert Soils: A test of biogeochemical potential at the Earth’s arid extreme. Biogeochemistry DOI 10.1007/s10533-011-9650-7.
82.*Teh, Y. T., W. L. Silver, O. Sonnentag, M. Detto, M. Kelly, and D. D. Baldocchi. 2011. Large greenhouse gas emissions from a temperate peatland pasture. Ecosystems 14: 311-325.
81.*Sonnentag, O., M. Detto, B. R. K. Runkle, Y. A. Teh, W. L. Silver, M. Kelly, and D. D. Baldocchi. 2011. Carbon dioxide exchange of a pepperweed (*Lepidium latifolium* L.) infestation: How do flowering and mowing affect canopy photosynthesis and autotrophic respiration?, J. Geophys. Res., 116, G01021, doi:10.1029/2010JG001522.
80.*Liptzin, D., W. L. Silver, and M. Detto. 2011. Temporal dynamics in soil oxygen and trace gases in two tropical rain forests. Ecosystems 14: 171-182.
79.* Cusack, D. F., W. L. Silver, M. S. Torn, S. D. Burton, and M. K. Firestone. 2011. Changes in microbial community characteristics and soil organic matter with nitrogen additions in two tropical forests. Ecology 92: 621-632.
78.*Burgin, A. J., W. H. Yang, S. K. Hamilton, and W. L. Silver. 2011. Beyond C and N: How the microbial energy economy couples elemental cycles in diverse ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 44-52.
77.*Cusack, D. F., W. L. Silver, M. S. Torn, and W. H. McDowell. 2011. Effects of nitrogen additions on above- and belowground carbon dynamics in two tropical forests. Biogeochemistry. DOI 10.1007/s10533-010-9496-4
76. Silver, W. L., A. W. Thompson, D. J. Herman, and M. K. Firestone. 2011. Is there evidence for limitations to nitrogen mineralization in upper montane tropical forests? Pages 418-427 in Bruijnzeel, L.A., Juvik, J., Scatena, F.N., Hamilton, L.S. & Bubb, P. (editors), Forests in the Mist: Science for Conserving and Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.
75.*DeAngelis K. M, W. L. Silver, A.W. Thompson, M.K. Firestone. 2010. Microbial community response to recurring changes in soil redox status. Environmental Microbiology doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02286.x.
74.* DeAngelis, K. M., J. M. Gladden, M. Allgaier, P. D'haeseleer, J. L. Fortney, A. Reddy, P. Hugenholtz, S. W. Singer, J. S. Vander Gheynst, W. L. Silver, B. A. Simmons, T. C. Hazen. 2010. Strategies for Enhancing the Effectiveness of Metagenomic-based Enzyme Discovery in Lignocellulolytic Microbial Communities. BioEnergy Research. DOI 10.1007/s12155-010-9089-z.
73.*Silver, W. L., R. Ryals, and V. Eviner. 2010. Soil carbon pools in California's annual grassland ecosystems. Rangeland Ecology and Management 63: 128-136.
72.* Dubinsky, E. A., W. L. Silver, and M. K. Firestone. 2010. Microbial ecology drives coupled iron – carbon biogeochemistry in tropical forest ecosystems. Ecology 91: 2604-2612.
71.*Cusack, D. F. M. S. Torn, W. H. McDowell, and W. L. Silver. 2010. The Response of Heterotrophic Activity and Carbon Cycling to Nitrogen Additions and Warming in Two Tropical Soils. Global Change Biology 16:2555–2572.
70.*Liptzin, D. and W. L. Silver. 2009. Effects of carbon additions on iron reduction and phosphorus availability in a humid tropical forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41: 1969-1702.
69.*Cusack, D. F., W. L. Silver, and W. H McDowell. 2009. Biological nitrogen fixation in two tropical forests: ecosystem-level patterns and effects of nitrogen fertilization. Ecosystems 12: 1299-1315.
68. Currie, W. S., M. E. Harmon, I. Burke, S. C. Hart, W. J. Parton, and W. L. Silver. 2009. Extension and limitation of the climate-litter quality paradigm to predict controls on plant litter decomposition over a decade. Global Change Biology. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02086.x
67.*Teh, Y. A., W. L. Silver, and F. N. Scatena. 2009. A decade of ecosystem reorganization following multiple disturbances in a wet tropical forest. Plant and Soil: 393:197-212.
66.*Cusack, D. F., W. W. Chou. W. H. Yang. M. E. Harmon, and W. L. Silver. 2009. Controls on long-term root and leaf litter decomposition in neotropical forests. Global Change Biology 15:1339-1355.
65.*Marin-Spiotta, W. L. Silver, C. W. Swanston, and R. Ostertag. 2009. Soil carbon gain and loss during 80 years of reforestation of tropical pastures. Global Change Biology 15:1587-1594.
64. Harmon, M. E., W. L. Silver, B. Fasth, H. Chen, W. J. Parton, & LIDET. 2009. Long-term patterns of mass loss during the decomposition of leaf and fine root litter: An intersite comparison. Global Change Biology 15: 1320-1338.
63.*McGroddy, M. E., W. L. Silver, R. Cosme de Oliveira Jr., W. Zamboni de Mello, and M. Keller. 2008. The fate of phosphorus in a highly weathered Amazonian forest ecosystem: biological versus geochemical cycling. JGR-Biogeosciences 113 doi:10.1029/2008JG000756.
62.*Ostertag, R., E. Marin-Spiotta, W. L. Silver, and J. Shulten. 2008. Litterfall and decomposition in relation to soil carbon pools along a secondary forest chronosequence in Puerto Rico. Ecosystems 11: 701-714.
61.* Templer, P. M., W. L. Silver, J. Pett-Ridge, and M. K. Firestone. 2008. Plant and microbial controls on nitrogen retention and loss in tropical forest soils. Ecology 89: 3030-3040.
60.*Chou, W. C., W. L. Silver, R. D. Jackson, A. W. Thompson, and B. Allen-Diaz. 2008. The sensitivity of annual grassland carbon cycling to the amount and timing of rainfall. Global Change Biology 14: 1382-1394.
59.*Marín-Spiotta, E., D.F. Cusack, R. Ostertag, and W.L. Silver. 2008. Trends in above and belowground carbon with forest regrowth after agricultural abandonment in the Neotropics. Chapter 2 In: R. Myster, ed. Post-agricultural Succession in the Neotropics. Springer, New York, NY. Pp 22-72.
58.*Teh, Y. A., E. A. Dubinski, W. L. Silver, and C. M. Carlson. 2008. Suppression of methanogenesis by dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria in tropical rain forest soils: implications for ecosystem methane flux. Global Change Biology14:413-422.
57.*Marin-Spiotta, E., C. W. Swanston, M. S. Torn, W. L. Silver, and S. D. Burton. 2008. Chemical and mineralogical control of soil carbon storage during tropical reforestation. Geoderma 143: 49-62.
56.*Adair, E. C. W.J. Parton, S.J. DelGrosso, W.L. Silver, S.A. Hall, M.E. Harmon, and S.C. Hart. 2008. A simple three pool model accurately describes patterns of long term, global decomposition in the Long Term Intersite Decomposition Experiment Team (LIDET) data set. Global Change Biology 14: 2636-2660.* Top 3 % of cited papers 2008-2010 GCB
55. Parton, W, W. L. Silver#, I. C. Burke, L. Grassens, M. E. Harmon, W. S. Currie, J. Y. King, E. C. Adair, L. A. Brandt, S. C. Hart, and B. Fasth. 2007. Global-scale similarities in nitrogen release patterns during long-term decomposition. Science 315:362-364. # Co-lead authors.
54.*Marin-Spiotta, E., R. Ostertag, and W. L. Silver. 2007. Long term patterns in reforestation of tropical pastures: plant community composition and aboveground biomass accumulation. Ecological Applications 17: 828-839.
53.*McGroddy, M. E. and W. L. Silver. 2007. Nutrient Cycling and Climate Change in Tropical Forests. Pages 295-316 in M. Bush and J. Flenly eds, Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change. Praxis-Springer Verlag, Berlin.
52.*Pett-Ridge, J., W. L. Silver, and M. K. Firestone. 2006. Redox fluctuations in a humid tropical forest soil impact N-cycling rates by framing the composition of the soil microbial community. Biogeochemistry 81:95-110.
51.*Teh, Y. A., W. L. Silver, M. E. Conrad, S. E. Borglin, and C. M. Carlson. 2006. Carbon isotope fractionation by methane-oxidizing bacteria in tropical rain forest soils, J. Geophys. Res., 111, G02001, doi:10.1029/2005JG000053.
50.*Chacon, N. W. L. Silver, E. A. Dubinsky, and D. F. Cusack. 2006. Iron reduction and soil phosphorus solubilization in humid tropical forests soils: the roles of labile carbon pools and an electron shuttle compound. Biogeochemistry 78: 67-84.
49. Lugo, A.E., R.B. Waide, M.R. Willig, T. Crowl, F.N. Scatena, J.Thompson, W.H. McDowell, N.V.L. Brokaw, and W.L. Silver. 2012. Ecological Paradigms for the Tropics: Old Questions and Continuing Challenges. Pages 3-41 in Brokaw, N., T. A. Crowl, A. E. Lugo, W. H. McDowell, F. N. Scatena, R. B. Waide, and M. R. Willig (eds.). A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response. Oxford University Press. Oxford, U.K.
48.*Teh, Y. A., and W. L. Silver. 2006. Effects of soil structure destruction on methane production and carbon partitioning between methanogenic pathways in tropical rain forest soils. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences III doi:10.1029/2005jg000020.
47. Chambers, J. Q., and W. L. Silver. 2005. Ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses to atmospheric change. Pages 57-65 in O. Phillips and Y. Mahli, Tropical forests and global atmospheric change. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
46. Silver, W. L., A. W. Thompson, M. K. Firestone, A. Reich, and J. J. Ewel. 2005. Nitrogen retention and loss in tropical plantations and old growth forests. Ecological Applications 15: 1604-1614.
45. Trumbore, S. E, E. Salazar da Costa, P. Barbosa de Camargo, L. A. Martinelli, D. Nepstad, D. Ray, and W. L. Silver. 2006. Dynamics of fine root carbon in Amazonian tropical ecosystems. Global Change Biology 12: 217-229.
44.*Teh, Y. A., W. L. Silver, and M. E. Conrad. 2005. Oxygen effects on methane production and oxidation in humid tropical forest soils. Global Change Biology 11:1283-1297.
43.*Silver, W. L., A. W. Thompson, M. E. McGroddy, R. K. Varner, J. R. Robertson, J. D. Dias, H. Silva, P. Crill, and M. Keller. 2005. Fine roots dynamics and trace gas fluxes in two lowland tropical forest soils. Global Change Biology 11: 290-306.
42.*Ostertag, R., W. L. Silver, and A. E. Lugo. 2005. Factors affecting mortality and resistance to damage following hurricanes in a subtropical moist forest. Biotropica 37: 16-24.
41.*Silver, W.L., L. Kueppers, A. E. Lugo, R. Ostertag, and V. Matzek. 2004. Carbon sequestration and plant community dynamics with reforestation of tropical pasture. Ecological Applications 14: 1115-1127.
40. Chambers, J. Q., and W. L. Silver. 2004. Some ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses of tropical forests to atmospheric change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 359: 463–476.
29.*McGroddy, M. E., W. L. Silver, and R. Cosme de Oliviera, Jr. 2004. The effect of phosphorus availability on decomposition dynamics in a seasonal lowland Amazonian forest. Ecosystems 7: 172-179.
38. Lugo, A. E., W. L. Silver, and S. Molina Colon. 2004. Biomass and nutrient dynamics of restored tropical forests. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 4: 731-746.
37.*Ostertag, R., F. N. Scatena, and W. L. Silver. 2003. Forest floor decomposition following hurricane litter inputs in several Puerto Rican forests. Ecosystems 6: 261-273.
36.*Varner, R. K., M. Keller, J. R. Robertson, J. D. Dias , H. Silva, P. M. Crill, M. McGroddy, and W. L. Silver. 2003. Experimentally induced root mortality increased nitrous oxide emission from tropical forest soils. Geophysical Research Letters 30: 1141-1145.
35.*Silver, W. L., A. E. Lugo, and D. Farmer. 2002. Soil organic carbon in tropical forests of the U. S. Pages 363-382 in J. Kimble, R. Birdsey, L. Heath, R. Follett, and R. Ratan (eds). The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect.
34.*Pett-Ridge, J. and W.L. Silver. 2002. Effects of substrate and micro-climate change on the survival and growth of the bromeliad Guzmania berteroniana in a montane tropical forest. Biotropica 34: 211-224.
33. Lugo, A.E., F.N. Scatena, W.L. Silver, S. Molina Colon, and P.G. Murphy. 2002. Pages 195-225 in L. H. Gunderson and L. Pritchard Jr (eds) Resilience and the Behavior of Large-Scale Systems. Island Press. Washington DC.
32.*Silver, W. L., and R. Miya. 2001. Global patterns in root decomposition: comparisons of climate and litter quality effects. Oecologia 129: 407-419.
31. Silver, W.L., D.J. Herman, and M.K. Firestone. 2001. Dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium in tropical forest soils. Ecology 82: 2410-2416.
30. Lugo, A.E, W.L. Silver, S. Brown, F.N. Scatena, and J.J. Ewel. 2001. Managed ecosystems deserve greater attention. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 82: 91-93.
29.*Silver, W.L, E. Marin-Spiotta, and A.E. Lugo. 2001. The Caribbean. Pages 155-181 in Kapella, M. and A. Brown eds. Bosques Neotropicales Montanos Nubosos. IUCN Press, Holland.
28.*Silver, W.L., R. Ostertag, and A.E. Lugo. 2000. The potential for carbon sequestration through reforestation of tropical agricultural and pasture lands. Restoration Ecology 8:394-407.
27.*McGroddy, M. and W.L. Silver. 2000. Variations in belowground carbon storage and soil COB2B flux rates along a wet tropical climate gradient. Biotropica 32:614-624.
26.*Silver, W.L., J. Neff, E. Veldkamp, M. Mcgroddy, M. Keller, and R. Cosme. 2000. The effects of soil texture on belowground carbon and nutrient storage in a lowland Amazonian forest ecosystem. Ecosystems 3: 193-209.
25. Wolter, V. W. L. Silver, D.C. Coleman, P. Lavelle, W.van der Putten, P. deruiter, D.H. Wall, D.U. Hooper, J.M. Dangerfield, L. Brussard, D.E. Bignell, V.K. Brown, K. Giller, J. Van der Koppel, J. Rusek, O. Sala, J. Tiedje, J.A. van Veen, and D. Wardle. 2000. Global change effects on above- and belowground biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems: interactions and implications for ecosystem functioning. BioScience 50: 1089-1098.
24. D.U. Hooper, J.M. Dangerfield, L. Brussaard, D.H. Wall, D. Wardle, D.E. Bignell, V.K. Brown, D. Coleman, K. Giller, P. Lavelle, G.J. Masters, W.H. van der Putten, P.C. de Ruiter, J. Rusek, W. Silver, J. Tiedje, V. Wolters. 2000. Interactions between above and belowground biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems: patterns, mechanisms, and feedbacks. BioScience 50: 1049-1061.
23. Keller, M., A.M. Weitz, B. Bryan, M.M. Rivera, and W.L. Silver. 2000. Soil-atmosphere nitrogen oxide fluxes: effects of root disturbance. Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 17,693-17,698.
22. Rainey, S., K. Nadelhoffer, W.L. Silver, and M. Downs. 1999. The effects of chronic nitrogen additions on understory species abundance and nutrient content in a red pine plantation. Ecological Applications 9: 949-957.
21. Silver, W.L., A.E. Lugo, and M. Keller. 1999. Soil oxygen availability and biogeochemical cycling along elevation and topographic gradients in Puerto Rico. Biogeochemistry 44: 301-328.
20. Silver, W.L. 1998. The potential effects of elevated COB2B and climate change on tropical forest biogeochemical cycling. Climatic Change 39: 337-361.
19. Olander, L., F.N. Scatena, and W.L. Silver. 1998. Effects of road construction on upper montane forest composition and succession in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Forest Ecology and Management 109: 33-49.
18. Silver, W.L., F.N. Scatena, A.H. Johnson, T.G. Siccama, and F. Watt. 1996. At what temporal scales does disturbance affect belowground nutrient pools? Biotropica 28: 441-457.
17. Zimmerman, J., M. Willig, L. Walker, and W.L. Silver. 1996. Disturbances and Caribbean Ecosystems. Biotropica: 28: 414-423.
16. Walker, L. W.L. Silver, M. Willig, and J. Zimmerman. (EDS). 1996. Long Term Responses of Caribbean Ecosystems to Disturbance. Biotropica 28:414-614.
15. Silver, W.L., S. Brown, and A.E. Lugo. 1996. Effects of changes in biodiversity on ecosystem function in tropical forests. Conservation Biology 10:17-24.
14. Silver, W.L., S. Brown, and A.E. Lugo. 1996. Biodiversity and Biogeochemical Cycling. Pages 49-67 in G. Orians, R. Dirzo, and H. Cushman eds. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Processes in Tropical Forests. Springer. Heidleberg.
13. Vogt, K., D. Vogt, S. Brown, J. Tilley, R. Edmonds, W. Silver, and T. Siccama. 1995. Dynamics of forest floor and soil organic matter accumulation in boreal, temperate, and tropical forests. In R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine, and B.A. Stewart eds., Soil Management and the Greenhouse Effect, Advances in Soil Science, CRC Press Boca Raton. Pages 159-178.
12. Silver, W.L. and A.E. Lugo. 1995. Life in the cloud forest. In R. Folch, ed, Biosfera 2. Selves tropicals. Enciclopedia Catalana. Barcelona, Spain.
11. Silver, W.L. and A.E. Lugo. 1995. The kingdom of epiphytes. In R. Folch, ed, Biosfera 2. Selves tropicals. Enciclopedia Catalana. Barcelona, Spain.
10. Watt F., R. Beymer, F. N. Scatena, W. L. Silver, P. L. Weaver, and L. S. Hamilton. 1995. Comprehensive Bibliography on Tropical Montane Cloud Forest. Pages 247-260. in L.S. Hamilton, Juvik J., Scatena F.N., editors. Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Ecological Studies 110. Springer-Verlag.
9. Silver, W.L. 1994. Is nutrient availability related to plant nutrient use in humid tropical forests? Oecologia 98: 336-343.
8. Silver, W.L., F.N. Scatena, A.H. Johnson, T.G. Siccama, and M.J. Sanchez. 1994. Nutrient availability in a montane wet tropical forest in Puerto Rico: spatial patterns and methodological considerations. Plant and Soil 164:129-145.
7. Silver, W.L., and K.A. Vogt. 1993. Fine root dynamics following single and multiple disturbances in a subtropical wet forest ecosystem. Journal of Ecology 81:729-738.
6. Scatena, F.N., W.L. Silver, T.G. Siccama, A.H. Johnson and M.J. Sanchez. 1993. Biomass and nutrient content of the Bisley Experimental Watersheds, Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, before and after Hurricane Hugo, 1989. Biotropica 25:15-27.
5. Vogt, K.A., D.A. Publicover, J. Bloomfield, J.M. Perez, D.J. Vogt, and W.L. Silver. 1993. Belowground responses as indicators of environmental change. Environmental and Experimental Botany 33: 189-205.
4. Berlyn, G.P., A.O. Anoruo, A.H. Johnson, D.R. Vann, R.L. Boyce, and W.L. Silver. 1992. Effects of filtered air and misting treatments on cuticles of red spruce needles on Whiteface Mountain, N.Y. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 1: 25-48.
3. Silver, W.L., T.G. Siccama, A.H. Johnson, and C. Johnson. 1991. Changes in red spruce populations in the montane forests of the Appalachians. American Midland Naturalist 125:340-347.
2. Silver, W.L. 1990. Disturbance and nutrient cycling. Belowground Ecology, Vol.1:2.
1. Johnson, A.H., T.G. Siccama, W.L. Silver, and J.J. Battles. 1989. Decline of Red Spruce in High Elevation Forests of New York and New England. In D.C. Adriano and M. Havas eds. Acidic Deposition, Volume 1: Case Studies. Springer-Verlag, N.Y. Pages 85-112.
Reviews, Technical Reports, and Other Published Works
Silver, W. 2019. Learning Companion to Enhancing carbon sinks in natural and working lands. In, V. Ramanathan, A. Millard-Ball, M. Niemann, S. Friese (eds) Learning Companion to Bending the Curve: Climate Change Solutions. Location: Regents of the University of California. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2b80d2k2
Silver, W. L. Determining the Drivers of Redox Sensitive Biogeochemistry in Humid Tropical Forests. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1497083.
Ackerly, D., J. Battles, V. Butsic, P. Gonzalez, M. Kelly, W. Silver, D. Saah, S. Di Tommaso, A. Mayer, D. Moanga, I. Schroeter, B. Riordan. (University of California, Berkeley). 2018. Land Acquisition and Ecosystem Carbon in Coastal California. California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment. Publication number: CCCA4-EXT-2018-003.
Silver, W. L. 2014. Biogeochemistry: A Faulty Fertilizer. News and Views. Nature GeoScience doi:10.1038/ngeo2292.
DeLonge, M.S., J.J. Owen, and W.L. Silver. 2014. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Opportunities in California Agriculture: Review of California Rangeland Emissions and Mitigation Potential. NI GGMOCA R 4. Durham, NC: Duke University.
Owen, J.J., E. Kebreab, and W.L. Silver. 2014. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Opportunities in California Agriculture: Review of Emissions and Mitigation Potential of Animal Manure Management and Land Application of Manure. NI GGMOCA R 6. Durham, NC: Duke University.
J. M. Craine, W. L. Silver, F. S. Chapin, III, and T. Mourad. 2013. Teaching Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Ecology in the United States: Survey Results. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 94:105–106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9623-94.1.105
Oldenburg, C.M., M.S. Torn, K.M. DeAngelis, J.B. Ajo-Franklin, R.G. Amundson, C.J. Bernacchi, G.M. Bond, E.L. Brodie, M. Carerra, J.N. Christensen, A.B. Cunningham, B. Fouke, T.C. Hazen, A.K. Jain, M. Kleber, K.G. Knauss, S. Nakagawa, K.L. O’Hara, W.J. Parton, W.L. Silver, J.W. Six, W.I. Stringfellow, T.K. Tokunaga, T. Xu, and D. Zilberman. 2008. Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities. Report on the Energy Biosciences Institute Workshop on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration, October 29, 2007, Berkeley, CA.
Silver, W.L, and P. Templer. 2002. A walk in through the Amazon from a biogeochemical perspective. (book review). Ecology 83: 3237-3238.
Silver, W.L. 1999. Big nature (book review). Conservation Biology 13: 457.
Silver, W.L., and M. McGroddy. 1998. Tropical forest ecophysiology: an exercise in scaling up (book review). Trends in Plant Science 3: 115.
Beissinger, S.R. and W. Silver Beissinger. 1990. Tropical rainforest: diversity and conservation (book review). American Scientist 78:376-377.
Johnson, A.H., S. Andersen, J. Battles, E. Miller, R. Miller, T. Schwartzman, W. Silver, J. Thorp, and D. Vann. 1989 Research on red spruce decline and atmospheric inputs to the forest at Whiteface Mt., New York. Report to the EPA Forest Response Program.
Berlyn, G.P., A.O. Anoruo, J.L. Royte, R.L. Boyce, W.L. Silver, A.H. Johnson, and D.L. Vann, 1989. Genetic characterization of high elevation spruce populations of the northeast and its possible relationship to air pollution as measured by branch chamber experiments. U.S. Forest Service Report, Northeastern Experiment Station, Radner Pa.
Silver, W.L. Mangrove Factsheet, 1980, Sierra Club International Earthcare Center, N.Y., N.Y
Sihi, D., Salazar Ortiz, M., Mayes, M., S. O’Connell, and Silver, W. L. 2020. Soil Chamber Fluxes (CO2 and CH4) across a catena in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. United States: doi:10.15485/1632882.
Wieder, W.R., D. Pierson, S.R. Earl, K. Lajtha, S. Baer, F. Ballantyne, A.A. Berhe, S. Billings, L.M. Brigham, S.S. Chacon, J. Fraterrigo, S.D. Frey, K. Georgiou, M. de Graaff, A.S. Grandy, M.D. Hartman, S.E. Hobbie, C. Johnson, J. Kaye, E. Snowman, M.E. Litvak, M.C. Mack, A. Malhotra, J.A.M. Moore, K. Nadelhoffer, C. Rasmussen, W.L. Silver, B.N. Sulman, X. Walker, and S. Weintraub. 2020. SOils DAta Harmonization database (SoDaH): an open-source synthesis of soil data from research networks ver 1. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/9733f6b6d2ffd12bf126dc36a763e0b4 (Accessed 2020-07-16).
Yaffar, D., Lugo, A. E., Silver, W., Cuevas, E., and Molina Colon, S. 2019. Plant root trait measurements raw data, 1962-2018, Island of Puerto Rico. United States: doi:10.15486/ngt/1558773.
Silver, W. L. Canopy Trimming Experiment Litterfall Nutrients Data. Environmental Data Initiative.
Silver, W. L. and O. Guttierez del Arroyo. 2018. CTE Soil Biogeochemistry 2014. Environmental Data Initiative.
Silver, W. L. and O. Guttierez del Arroyo. 2018. CTE Soil Density Fractionation 2014. Environmental Data Initiative.
- Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2022
- Fellow, American Geophysical Union, 2021
- Delegate Scientist, Global Climate Action Summit, CA 2018
- Service Award, Luquillo Long-Term Ecological Research Program, PR, 2018
- ESPM Distinguished Faculty Lecturer, 2017
- Fellow, Ecological Society of America, 2016
- University of California Climate Champion, U.C. Berkeley, 2015-16
- Distinguished Scholar, Social Environmental Synthesis Center, MD 2015
- Innovation Award, American Carbon Registry, CA, 2015
- Rudy Grah Chair in Forestry and Sustainability, CA, 2013-2018
- Tupper Lecture, Smithsonian Tropical Research Center, Panama, 2013
- Google Science Communication Fellow, 2011
- Kavli Frontiers of Science Fellow 2010
- Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow, 2009
- Visiting Scholar Fellowship, Massey University, New Zealand Dec. 2007
- Biological Sciences Faculty Research Award, 2002, U. C. Berkeley
- Citation, Soil Science Society of America, for Excellence in Presentation of a Paper, 1999
- Stellar Course Award, College of Natural Resources 1998, U. C. Berkeley
- Clare Booth Luce Professorship in Science and Engineering 1995-1997, Boston University
- Global Change Distinguished Post-Doctoral Fellow, 1991-1993, U. S. Department of Energy
- C46 - Climate Change and the Future of California
- 111 - Ecosystem Ecology
- 199 - SUPERV INDEP STUDY
- 290 - Science Communication
- 290 - Advanced Seminar in Ecosystem Ecology and Biogeochemistty
- 298 - DIRECT GROUP STUDY
- 299 - INDIVIDUAL RESEARCH
- N299 - Individual Research
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